Large perch over 40 cm are considered to be capital fish and are not easy to catch. Moreover, such large fish are very old and accordingly rare. However, almost every water in which perch are stocked or occur naturally has some capital perch of 40 or even 50 cm. So fishing for big perch offers the challenge of catching a special fish that bites on almost the entire range of artificial lures. In this article you can read about how to increase your chances of catching a real capital perch enormously.
Behaviours and Locations
The places where you can catch big perch are always close to the location of smaller species. However, large perch are solitary or are in very small groups. The main food for this perch is small, but crabs and other small fish are also on the menu. So big perches are
cannibals and develop into them quite early. I always look for the perch two floors lower than the smaller ones.
Here you catch the perch – hot spots
Perch don’t like strong currents and are more likely to be found in rivers in calm areas. In front of barrages and in groyne fields as well as harbours the spiny knights feel comfortable. Old arms and bays are also places to stay in the river. Perches love wood, so there are jetties and of course trees lying in the water are hot spots for perches. In still waters, however,
streaming areas are easily
top again. The river perch is not called perch for nothing. Unfortunately, perch in the waters move around a lot in shoals, which does not make the search easy.
Perch generally only eat during the day. Night fishing for perch is rather hopeless. From 10-15 cm in length perch often become real predators and chase the fry even in small groups. Perch are often seen 1-2 hours after dawn and then again robbing until dusk.
Large perch waters
As already mentioned there are also the big ones in every water with perch. Good big perch waters are often dams and big rivers like the Rhine, Elbe, Oder and Danube. But even in small waters, where perch have little competition for food from pike, catfish and pike-perch, they can take the top of the food chain and develop well. However, it is precisely in waters with few perch that they are particularly large.
Perch occur naturally in almost all waters, as their very sticky spawn is often transported by birds to the nearest lake or river. That is why perch occur naturally almost everywhere.
Lures for capital perch
- The best tip is to use different lures than the other anglers on the water. For example, if you fish a lot with rubber fish, it’s worth digging out the bait box for big rubber worms or lures that run completely differently. Big perch are often clever and have seen many lures and ignore the ones that are often used.
- Lures one or two sizes bigger than for normal perch are just right. The mouth of a 40cm+ perch is huge and there is no problem to fit some of the lures in. It is not without reason that very large perch are often caught as a by-catch when fishing for zander or pike.
- When fishing with natural bait the bait fish can also be a bit bigger. A small perch around 5-8 cm is usually a top bait. Also fish shreds from perch are very good bait. Especially when they play in the light current.
- Ground proximity fishing – as long as the water is not too deep. It is not for nothing that rubber fish are so successful for big perch. Whether the perch prefer lazing around or jigging depends on their daily shape and mood. In deep waters even big perch are not always to be found at the bottom, but are distributed in mid-water
Big perch fishing gear
The fishing gear for big perch may be a bit stronger, even if modern UL rods are very strong, they are not designed for bigger lures and with bigger lures you can catch the bigger perch.
So the rod should be adapted to the lure weight. Spinning rods with a casting weight up to 30 or 40 grams are then not too heavy for the big perch.
Sea trout rods with casting weights around 8-30g are also very good. The soft tip of such trout rods makes for fewer dropouts in the fight. In addition, these rods are designed for large casting distances. This is another advantage because the big perch are often lower than the small ones and therefore you have to cast further.
The spinning reel may then be smaller again. Also big perch are not too strong fighters. However, if you use deep diving plugs or other lures that exert a lot of pressure on the rod and reel, a 2000-3000″ reel makes sense. The reel must of course have a jerk-free brake and should be halfway compatible with the rod for comfortable fishing.
The line can be a monofilament of 0,2-0,25 mm or braided 0,10 – 0,14 mm line when fishing with rubber baits. In general, perch are extremely shy in clear water. Fluorocarbon leaders are therefore almost obligatory and should also be around 0.2-0.25 mm. The abrasion resistance of FC leaders also helps when fishing rubber over stony ground.