Chub (lat. Sequalius cephalus) occur mainly in rivers with medium to strong currents and can even be found in some trout streams. There they are regarded as spawn predators and compete for food with the brown trout. In general, they are very robust and have rather low demands on water quality. They are generally considered to be very clever and very suspicious fish that are not always easy to catch. This is especially true for the large and old fish.
Danger of confusion
There is a danger of confusion with hazel, alum and asp. A characteristic feature of the chub is an outwardly arched anal fin. The other fishes with danger of confusion do not have this characteristic. The appearance can vary slightly and chubs sometimes have orange to yellowish pectoral and ventral fins.
World records and maximum size
The world record of the chub is 3,45 kg for a fish with 57 cm. The fish was caught in the Main on natural bait. Chubs are already considered capital from 50 cm, depending on the waters. Nevertheless catches of much longer and heavier fish are known. So this is a crackable record.
Distribution and origin
The chub is found throughout Europe, only on the Italian islands and the southern tip it is missing.
Chubs spawn from April to July in gravelly places and also pull up the rivers a bit for this. However, if there is no suitable substrate, chub will also accept other substrates.
Season and minimum sizes
In most of the federal states in Germany the chub has no minimum size. A closed season is legally nowhere provided. Only in the following three federal states the chub has the following minimum size:
- Bremen 30 cm
- Hamburg 25 cm
- Thuringia 25 cm
In some waters a measure of protection is nevertheless possible. This is usually stated in the permit.
Behaviour and natural food
Chubs are absolute opportunists (omnivores) and eat everything from small fish to insects and their larvae to fallen fruit. Chubs also eat the usual fish food, such as brook flea crabs and other crustaceans.
Chubs usually live in small shoals, larger fish are often found individually or in small groups, while the shoals are larger in small fish.
Baits for chub fishing
Due to the chub’s versatile eating habits, many baits can be caught.
- Small plugs and spinners are the first choice for artificial lures. But almost all other artificial lures catch chubs as well.
- As natural bait on chubs, worms, cheese and small bait fish are very good. But one of the best baits is breakfast meat.
Fishing for chub and fishing techniques
Especially in clear water fishing for chub can be challenging, because the fish often don’t bite anymore,
as soon as they have spotted the angler. So under such conditions caution and distance to the fish is advised.
As varied as the lures are, as different fishing techniques are available. Apart from spin fishing, any kind of bottom fishing, feeders and fishing with the pose is promising. Fly fishing is also an exciting possibility to chub.
Fishing tackle for chub
As varied as the fishing methods, as varied is the fishing tackle for chub in general but chubs are not strong fighters and do not require a particularly strong tackle. Light spinning rods are completely sufficient and even with ground rods, pose rods or feeder rods you need, except the current demands it, casting weights of about 10-40 grams. As reels nearly all fishing reels from size 1500-3000 are suitable.
Chub as food fish
Chub as food fish
Chub have a lean and firm meat, but they have many intermuscle bones and are therefore not very popular as food fish. Before most types of preparation, it is also recommended to remove the large scales.