Just Fishing: Ground Fishing With Basic Assemblies


With a basic assembly you always fish close to the bottom and thus guarantee that you do not fish past the fish in the water column.        Simple basic assemblies are therefore my first choice when fishing for fish that are on the bottom or just above it. You can read in this article how to tie a basic assembly and what you need to keep in mind. Probably the biggest advantage of basic assemblies is that there is no need to plumb the depth, which makes the assembly ideal for beginners.

Table of Contents Advantages and disadvantages of basic assembliesThe advantagesThe disadvantagesEasy basic assembliesFreewheel assemblyFixed glue assemblyBasic fishing that’s importantBait detection during basic fishingBasic fishingBite detection during basic fishingElectronic bite indicatorsHangersThe rod tip as a bite indicatorEel bells

Pre and disadvantages of basic assemblies

Basic assemblies have many advantages but also a few disadvantages.

The advantages

  • Maximum casting distance
  • No sounding out necessary
  • The bait is always close to the bottom
  • Targeted fishing for live fish
  • E-bite indicator possible → no permanent observation of the pose

The disadvantages

  • Danger of hanging at the bottom particularly high
  • Usually extra bite indicator needed
  • Not so fine bite indicator

Simple basic assemblies

Doing good and simple basic assemblies yourself is not magic, how you do it right is written here.

Freewheel assembly

The classic basic assembly is probably the freewheel assembly. With this the lead moves freely on the main line and the fish can simply take line after the bite.

This mount is absolutely universal and can be used on almost every fish that takes food from the bottom.    So you can use this line for fishing for eel, pike-perch, perch, whitefish, pike and any other freshwater fish.

This is how it works in four steps:

  • The lead is threaded directly onto the main line, an anti-tangle boom or a swivel is threaded onto the main line and a lead is attached to it
  • To save the knot, a rubber bead is then placed on the main line
  • Now knot a carabiner swivel to the main line
  • Hook the leader with hook into the carabiner swivel and the basic assembly is ready
Chris Tipp: Sometimes it is helpful to offer your bait a little above the bottom of the water. To get a bait that floats slightly above the ground you can simply inject some foam on the hook or in case of worms you can inject some air with an air syringe with a hypodermic needle. Now the lure will stand out better and the weight of the mounting and the hook will be less noticeable to the fish.

Fixed lead mounting

The other widely used mounting for bottom fishing is fixed lead mounting. There are two types of these, one of which allows the lead to be held in place by a rubber stopper on the main line and does not move freely on the main line.      It is also possible to have assemblies where the lead can move about one meter and then stops.

However, the much more common montage is with the help of inline weights when fishing for carp. There the lead is fixed to the swivel with the help of a rubber that runs through the lead itself. After the bite the lead remains fixed and the weight already sets the hook in the fish mouth. For this the lead weight must be more than 80 grams and a real stop should still be set.

Ground fishing that’s important

There are a few details that you should pay attention to when setting your lead directly on the ground. For example, the dangers of hanging in the water plays a decisive role. If many hangers are to be expected, a pose installation can be an advantage after all. But if you have to go far out, you often cannot avoid the basic lead installation. After all, most fish are also found where many more structure and thus hangers are to be expected on the bottom.

Baits for bottom fishing

The bait used for bottom fishing is any kind of natural bait such as bait fish, boilies, worms or dough.

Bite detection for bottom fishing

There are several ways to detect bites when fishing with bottom mounts. All common possibilities are described here.

Electronic bite indicators

Electronic bite indicators have proven to be effective as bite indicators. They can be screwed either on a telescopic rod with thread or on a Rod Pod. Electronic bite indicators are available from 10 € to some 100 €. The more expensive models are much more finely adjustable and better manufactured. But the cheap ones also do their job. When putting the rod on the bite indicator it is important that the line runs through the bite indicator correctly. When I am fishing close to inhabited houses, I adjust the bite indicators rather quietly. I’ve had police officers at the fishing spot before, who took my personal details and this although I’ve already set the bite indicators very quietly.


For the electronic bite indicator so-called climbing monkeys, swingers or hangers in the line are important. Because these keep the line under tension and only in this way can an electronic bite indicator work properly. They can also serve alone as optical bite indicators. I personally like to use corks from wine or champagne bottles and screw in a small hook with a screw thread from the hardware store. I simply hang it into the string and place it just above the ground. On the other side I put a bend light into the cork when fishing at night and ready is a cheap hook.

A simple V-shaped stick can also be used as an emergency bite indicator.

The rod tip as a bite indicator

The rod tip can also be used as a bite indicator. Feeder rods are designed for this purpose and have fine tips which deflect under low load and therefore also indicate fine bites. For this the rod tip must be at an angle to the line.

Eel bells

An extension of the rod tip as a bite indicator can be achieved with simple eel bells. These are simply attached or clamped onto the rod tip. However, some eel bells have very sharp edges on the clamp and can damage the rod.

Lead weights shapes, sizes and applications

As always I am grateful for comments, questions, corrections and suggestions for improvement!

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