Choosing the right hook is essential before any fishing venture. At first glance, this seems to be an insurmountable hurdle, especially for newcomers to fishing. The hook often has to withstand enormous forces and should therefore be chosen with appropriate care. Because one thing applies to every angler: without the use of the right hook, no fish can be fished.
The demand for quality fishing hooks is therefore very high worldwide. An entire industry has developed here, which specialises exclusively in the manufacture of corresponding equipment. When choosing the hook to be used for a particular project, it usually depends on the type of fish, weather conditions and the preferred fishing method. The following guide is intended to provide an overview of various common fishing hooks.
Construction of a fishing hook
Basically, fishing hooks are always constructed in the same way, but then differ in the characteristics of the individual components. This means leg length, ear, eye or platelet and hook shape.
Overview of different types of fishing hooks
Eye hooksThe eye hook is the most frequently used fishing hook and is regularly used worldwide. It offers the angler several advantages. It holds reliably on the fishing line, but is also easy and safe to tie up. The hook itself has a simple design and consists of a bow, leg and the corresponding tip. Due to its universal design, it can be used for many different types of fish (carp, trout, bream, etc.) and should not be missing from any fishing repertoire.
Platelet HookIn principle the platelet hook is similar to the previously described eye hooks in its optical design. The only difference is the end piece of the hook. There is no eye in which the fishing line can be threaded, but a pressed metal plate. The fishing line can be connected to the hook via this metal plate. The platelet hook can be used for both small and large fish, also because of its similarity to the eye hook. It is often used in artificially created carp ponds, for example. However, the knotting technique is much more complex.
Worm HookAs the name suggests, the worm hook always uses a worm as bait. The design of the hook is explicitly geared towards this. For this purpose the worm hook has several barbs on its thigh. This is to ensure that the worm does not slip off the hook. At the same time, the barbs hold the worm in an appealing position, so that the fish can be made more aware of the worm. The worm hook is specially designed for fish species that generally bite worms. It is mainly used for angling eels. Bream and carp also bite on the worm hook. However, the worm hook cannot be used for classic trout fishing.
Sliding hookThe name of the sliding hook is also the program. In the absence of barbs, the fish can be fished in the gentlest possible way. Depending on the type of gentle hook, it can be used for many fish, such as trout, salmon, mackerel, etc. The fish does not usually suffer any injury when the hook is removed. This is particularly useful when the fish is to be released after it has been caught. Although “catching and releasing” is forbidden in Germany, the gentle hook still fulfils its purpose in this country. Thus a fish can be released “gently” again if it was caught by mistake or contrary to the legal regulations and therefore has to be released again.
Dough hookThe dough hook has a spiral spring attached to its leg side. This is to ensure that the bait dough is held particularly securely on the hook. This can be a very helpful tool, especially for long casts. The dough hook can also be used for a variety of fish. Most often the dough is used as bait (and therefore also the dough hook) on ponds with trout, which are often artificially constructed. However, the dough hook has also proved to be effective for carp and giltheads.
Butt hook In contrast to the previously described fishing hooks, the butt hook has a considerably longer leg. The hook is specially designed for using lugworms as bait. Like the worm hook, it has barbs for raising the lugworm. It is mainly used when fishing on the coast, but can also be used in other areas. It is mainly used to catch flatfish, but it is also suitable for a variety of other fish species.
Fly HookThe fly hook is used exclusively for so-called fly fishing. Only fish that bite the fly should be caught. As a rule, these are different types of predatory fish. It is not without reason that fly fishing is considered one of the most challenging types of fishing. An artificial fly is attached to the comparatively long leg of the fly hook using a complex knot. The attached eye is often bent inwards, which can influence the swimming direction of the hook accordingly.
Circle HookThe circle hook is specially designed for fishing at long distances. When using this hook, the angler does not have to make a first strike after biting a fish. When the fish tries to free itself from the circle hook, it bores itself further into the fish’s mouth and finally grips the jawbone. A liberation of the fish is then almost impossible. For this, however, the angler must ensure that the circle hook is not completely covered by the bait. Otherwise, the hook cannot get deep enough – up to the jawbone – into the fish’s mouth. The operation of the circle hook is based on the tip being bent at about 90 degrees to the thigh.
Offset hook Unlike other fishing hooks, the offset hook has a bend at the end of its thigh. It is generally used for fishing with soft rubber lures. The kink ensures that the lure has the necessary flexibility. Like most fishing hooks, it also has an eye to which the fishing line can be connected. The offset hook is often used when fishing for black bass, but it can also be directed at other fish such as zander.
Bait fish hook / Ryder hook Unlike the above-mentioned hooks, the bait fish hook has a total of two hooks. One of these hooks corresponds to the usual appearance. The other hook is considerably smaller and is connected to the upper part of the leg. This smaller hook is also called “lip hook”. A bait fish is attached to the Lipphaken. The larger hook is intended for angling appropriate predatory fish. Catfish and pike are often fished with the bait hook. Versions with one lip hook and two large hooks are also common.
Twin hookTwo hook tips are attached to the twin hook. Here again a bait fish is used, which is placed on one of the isosceles hooks. The other hook lies directly on the bait fish. A legal regulation in Germany stipulates that these hooks may only be used for angling predatory fish. It is therefore often used for angling zander, for example.
Triplet Unlike the twin hook, the triplet has a total of three classic hook tips. It is also used exclusively for angling predatory fish. Lures are often artificial and can be used in different variations. Due to the three tips, there are fewer false bites overall, as the hook usually snagged well and reliably in the fish’s mouth and the fish can no longer free itself under its own power.
Fear triplet / stinger
The fear triplet / stinger is designed to reduce the number of false bites when fishing with a rubber fish. For this purpose a triple hook is attached to a simple line. At the other end of the line a clamp sleeve is used, which is firmly connected by clamping it together. The fastening loop thus produced is later attached to the karabiner.
Additional triplet, Angsthaken & Stinger Angsthaken, also called Stinger, is an additional triplet which is attached to the lure with a short line. This makes sense especially when fishing for predatory fish with rubber bait to hook sharp biting fish that would otherwise not get caught. This can increase the yield many times over.
Sharpening hooks correctly
The hook must be sharp to ensure that it remains in the mouth of the fish when it is hitched. Particularly when jigging, it is inevitable that the hook becomes blunt due to the constant contact with the bottom and the stone packs. This can be a problem especially with fish such as zander, as the mouth is very hard and there is a chance that the fish cannot be hooked correctly this way. Therefore it is recommended to sharpen the hooks regularly. How this is done and which hook sharpeners are a good choice can be found out in our hook sharpener test.
Hook Sharpener Hook Sharpener Test 2020 Especially when fishing on groynes you know it. After a few casts and a lot of contact with the stones piled up, the hook on the jig is blunt. This has the disadvantage that the hook cannot penetrate the fish mouth as quickly as before.