Spinning reel / stationary reel
When fishing in domestic freshwater waters, a rough distinction can be made between three different variants. Fly fishing requires special equipment and techniques. At first glance, however, the two other types of fishing – spin fishing and hip fishing – could be considered as a single group. However, even these two types of fishing differ from each other in such a way that most all-round fishing rods and other equipment are not sufficient for targeted specialisation. In this guide, we will discuss the appropriate reels for spin fishing.
Construction / components of a spinning reel
Every fishing reel basically consists of a reel body / rotor, a crank, a spool including a brake, one or more ball bearings that operate the reel gear and possible other small extras. A good reel for spin fishing should be able to / take the following things into account:
- The weight of the reel should be as low as possible
- The crank should be comfortable to hold
- The transmission between crank and gear must work well (important: good ball bearings! )
- The gear ratio should be adjusted to the target fish
- When spin fishing the crank should have no backlash (when the backstop is on)
Use of a spinning reel
Spin fishing is a very active variant of fishing. The artificial bait is thrown out one after the other to be caught afterwards. This is quite a strain for man and material. In order to relieve the human being as much as possible, the material has to be made as light as possible. The reel is no exception. At the same time, however, it has to be very resistant to withstand this permanent load. In addition, bait guidance must be guaranteed as well as possible.
Advantages & disadvantages compared to a multi reel / Baitcaster reel
The big difference in fishing reels can be made between spinning reels / stationary reels and multi reels / Baitcaster reels. Many anglers swear by one or the other variant. The fact is that both reel types have their advantages and disadvantages and are therefore preferable for certain types of fishing.
In summary, it can be said that stationary reels are the generally easier to use, but also require less physical effort to operate, which makes them the logical choice for spin fishing. Multi-reels, on the other hand, can be an excellent choice in some cases, but they take some time to get used to.
Which line on the spinning reel
Besides the reel itself, the line plays an important role in spin fishing. In general, a distinction can be made between monofilament and braided line.
Monofilament line is the classic fishing line. It is usually made of plastic or carbon. It is the universal and easy to use fishing line. It is always important to make sure that the reel is not too full, otherwise the line can simply bounce off the reel. However, monofilament lines have a lower load capacity than braided lines for the same diameter. Especially in spin fishing, where the line is usually kept on tension, this can make it easier for the fish to see the line and get startled. If a monofilament line is chosen, it should be coloured according to the water, so that the fish will see it less easily.
Meanwhile braided lines are the standard for spin fishing. Several thin lines are braided to a thicker strand. This results in a higher load capacity compared to monofilament lines. This means that thinner lines can be chosen, making the line almost invisible. However, braided lines tend to jump off the spool more easily and get tangled. To prevent this, a spool with a good line lay must be chosen.
Spinning reel brake system
Spinning reels can have two different types of brake systems. These are front and rear brakes. Front brakes are the most common: Here the brake disc on the spool is tightened manually to a certain thickness. The advantages are a long service life and a stronger braking force. Rear brakes, on the other hand, have smaller brake discs, which is reflected in a lower braking force, but can be switched between thicknesses with a single movement. For the beginner a front brake system will always be the right choice, for advanced and professional riders the rear brakes with their different settings can make the drill much easier.
Gear ratio for spinning reels
Each fishing reel has a gear ratio specified in its characteristics. A high gear ratio means that the bait can be caught up faster. A low gear ratio is necessary when fishing for fish species that prefer a slow lure. Fish such as asp, trout or perch in summer love fast bait. A ratio of 6.1:1 is recommended here. Pike or zander on the other hand prefer slow bait. If you were to fish with the same reel here, you would pull the lures past the fish before they had a chance to take a closer look at the possible prey. A ratio of 4.9:1 is a good choice here.
Maintenance of a spinning reel
Spinning reels are surprisingly easy to maintain. Especially if the reel has only been used in fresh water, hardly any maintenance is required. It is sufficient to clean the reel once a year under running water, dry it and apply a little oil to the line roller, roller bracket and crank. If the reel is used in salt water, the reel should be cleaned under running water after each use to avoid any salt deposits.
In general you should avoid disassembling stationary reels, as especially cheap ones tend to be difficult to reassemble correctly. It happens that individual castings or pressed parts deform slightly, so that correct operation is no longer guaranteed. Therefore, if necessary, major maintenance work should always be carried out by specialists.
If the spinning reel is not used for a longer period of time, care should be taken to loosen the brake. Only in this way can the spring be protected in the best possible way. Otherwise it could happen that the spring loses tension and the brake can no longer work as usual.
Different reel sizes should be chosen depending on the species of fish you are primarily fishing. The reel sizes indicate which capacity of which line size is available on this reel. For example, a 2500 reel has a capacity of 100 metres with a line size of 0.25, whereas a 4000 reel has a capacity of 100 metres with a line size of 0.4. When choosing the reel size, however, it should be noted that not all manufacturers adhere to these specifications, so it may be necessary to enquire specifically about the sizes of these reels.
Fish such as perch, trout or zander can already be fished with reels in the size category 1000-2000. Anglers focusing on pike, asp, cod or salmon, however, should prefer 3000-4000 size reels. Huchen or catfish, as well as other large and fighting predatory fish, should only be fished specifically with a 5000 reel.
If you want a reel that can be used as universally as possible, it is recommended to choose a reel in the range between 2000 and 3000. Even big pike can usually be landed safely with this line size.