Fishing in the right places and finding the right spots is the key to success in fishing. If you simply fish for it somewhere, you might miss the fish and go out empty. The fish gather at so-called hot spots and the chances of success are good. Which are the best hot spots and therefore also fishing places on rivers and lakes is described in this article.
The best fishing spots on the stream and river
Hot spots such as Gumpen are more likely to be found on streams and river headwaters and are less common on the Lower Rhine, for example, while groyne fields are often found especially on larger rivers and are of course among the best fishing spots there.
Gumpen and weirs
Gumpen (also called scour) are depressions in the stream or riverbed. They are created by natural processes, especially in the trout and grayling region or by small waterfalls and weirs. There, there is usually a hole washed out by the water power, which often accommodates trout. At the end of the pump, where the water becomes shallower again, there are often grayling and barbel. Gumpe behind weirs can also be found further down the river, in deep places in the somewhat calmer eddy water you can often meet a good pike there.
Bridges are hotspots all over the river. At the small stream there is often a strong current under the bridge due to construction work, which attracts trout. On big rivers you can often find current turbulences behind the bridge piers, which wash out holes under water, and here too is a top spot for fishing. The fish also like to stand in the current shadow of the bridge piers.
Perch and pike-perch are therefore often downstream behind the bridge piers. But pike also like bridges in slowly flowing rivers and stand there. Last but not least, bridge piers are also a hot spot for catfish.
Attention: in areas with a lot of civilization or even cities there is a great danger of hanging bridges, rusty bicycles and garbage are unfortunately not uncommon there. But this is also a reason why many fishermen avoid these places. So there is more fish for those who fish there.
Everywhere where rivers are natural and have not been built or canalized they meander through the landscape. The result is undermined banks with deep water at the outer curve of the river. This makes the outer curve a good fishing spot, because in the deep part many food particles are deposited. In the shallow water on the inner side of the outer curve, small fish are mostly found, while the predators are found during the day in the deep water on the outer side. The washed-out bank provides shelter for pike and catfish.
Groyne fields are the classic hot spot on our big rivers. They break the strong currents and allow small fish to hide between the rock fill. Eels also like to hide here. It is best to try it directly at the edge of the stone pack with bait fish or worms. With the former you also have a good chance of catching a zander. Between two groynes there is the so-called groyne kettle. On the side facing away from the current, downstream of the groyne, there are often deep places. On the side facing the current, the water is shallower due to sand, gravel or mud. You should sound out your fishing spot to know the depth conditions. Asp are often found in the main current and can be caught with very quickly guided spoons or asp leads. Thanks to the groynes you can get closer to these fish. The strongest current is often at the head of the groyne. At the edge of this there are often some white fish. One speaks of the impact side and the track side of a groyne. The impact side of a groyne points against the main current, while the sliding side forms the beginning of the groyne basin. Large zander are more likely to be found on the baffle side, while smaller ones prefer the gliding side.
It is important that each groyne is unique and often very different from the neighbouring groynes. Especially where there are many groynes next to each other, it is important to find the best one. A clue for especially good groynes is a particularly pronounced flow edge with strong turbulences.
The best fishing spots on river and lake
There are many good fishing spots not only on rivers, but the same can be found on lakes. The following hot spots can be found both on rivers and lakes.
Overhanging trees can be found on both rivers and lakes. Small fish often find hiding places in tree roots that grow under the water surface. Food such as insects also fall from the tree into the water there and attract small fish. As we all know: where small fish are, the predators are not far away. Where the roots grow into the water, eels often find a hiding place. In trout waters you can also expect trout, which, just like small fish, wait for falling insects.
Troughs are among the best fishing spots on the river and lake. So you often have a chance of catching fish that do not occur directly in the river. Brown trout
sometimes migrate into the river around a confluence and benefit from the richness of food in a river or lake and, especially in summer, river fish
cool down somewhat in the oxygen-rich fresh water. Wherever they occur, you have a good chance of catching chubs. Often the river or stream that flows into it washes up a lot of sediment, which can continue in small headlands even under water. In the strong current you will find mostly barbels, while predatory fish such as pike, pike-perch and catfish are more likely to be found in rinsed channels in deeper waters. At night, eels also search for food in the faster flowing water, such as freshwater shrimps or other fish feeders.
Harbours offer the fish in the river protection from strong currents. Carps in particular like to visit these places. Especially in winter and spring, it is worth a hide, when the water is shallower than the main current and therefore warms up faster, because then the active fish will quickly settle there. Pike also like harbours and like to stand under boats. Unfortunately, in many harbours fishing is forbidden. It is often important to inform the fisherman whether it is allowed to fish here. Harbour entrances on large rivers belong to the absolute top spots on the river. The current edge is especially suspicious of fish in the picture above.
Promenades are very good fishing spots and you can reach deep water immediately. Many people feed the fish here every day by feeding swans and ducks or directly dumping food waste into the water. A secret bait near many kebab stands is some doner meat or half a French fries! The big disadvantage of such fishing spots is that quiet fishing is impossible here.
The best fishing spots on lakes
Some of the top lake fishing spots have already been mentioned. Here we continue with the places that are almost only found on lakes and rather rarely on rivers.
Especially if they are made of wood, footbridges offer space for algae growth and fish feeders. Perch love footbridges and are often found in their vicinity. The shade under a footbridge offers fish protection and from footbridges you can also throw much further into the lake if you wish. At moorings the propellers always whirl up the ground and that’s the way that fish find food and whom that naturally attracts I have often written in this article.
Almost all lakes have a more or less steeply sloping edge after a shallow water zone. In some
waters you can even see this with the help of the satellite images from Google Earth, as described in this article>>. In the area of the edge there are often pike and below it in the deeper part there are perch and zander. With rubber fish you can not only fish such a shark edge well, but also sound it out and find it.
Between the reed stalks many small creatures but also fish can be found. Pike in particular like to stand in front of or near them. When the reed thins out, smaller pike will also find a shelter between the reed stalks. Carps can also often be seen in the vicinity. It is important that the reed stalks go deep enough into the water and that the water at the edge of the reed offers space for the fish.
Trees lying in the water / deadwood
All predatory fish like to hide and especially like trees that have fallen into the water. Of course you have to reckon with the danger of hanging. Especially the roots or
Crowns of a tree can be large and unfortunately hooks get stuck in wood especially well. Other large obstacles in the water can also serve as shelter for predatory fish. Often it is enough to place your bait near this very good fishing spot.
Water lily fields
A dead bait fish placed next to a water lily field has produced many a pike. Carp and especially tench also love to be found in the dark under the water lily fields. But if you fish here you should use a strong line, maybe a braided one, because it cuts through the water lily stems if the fish flees into the water lilies.
Land tongues, like jetties, are a convenient way to get to deep water without a boat. Especially on the side of a headland in quarry ponds, the water usually falls steeply, while at the top it often only slowly gets deeper. Spits of land usually continue further into the lake. Pike like to stand either near the tip in shallow water. Zander prefer the deep edges at least during the day. It is best to zigzag the headland on both sides as a spinning angler. If you have to pick a spot on a headland, you should take the tip, as there is an edge to the right and left of it, and straight ahead you will usually find shallow water.
You miss a hot spot or want to add something? Just use the comment function. I am always happy about praise / criticism / suggestions.