Pike Fishing: 8 Tips For Beginners & Advanced Anglers (lures, Locations…)


For pike fishing we want to give you some tips on how to catch really big pike. The fishing tips are enough for beginners and professionals.

Apart from pike fishing we have in the past already dealt with a very good pike assembly. Just have a look.

We have also put together some really great pike fishing videos.

There should be something for everyone. But now to our tips for pike fishing.

Here we will look at the best pike rods, i.e. good pike fishing equipment, the best pike bait, the best places to fish for pike, closed seasons and minimum sizes.

But fishing for pike in winter should not be neglected either.

Let’s go.

1. tips on equipment when fishing for pike

As a rule, the following equipment is used when fishing for pike

  • Fishing permit fishing permit stable landing netMeasuring tapeknifeHook release loadable / ringed pike reel with brakePike line for pike fishing (usually 0.35 – 0.4 mm)bait: Bait fish, spoons, soft plastic lures (twisters and shads), wobblers or spinners

In any case, your standard equipment should include a sturdy landing net, a tape measure, a knife and a hook release. You can get these everywhere. You can also buy them in the fishing shop if necessary. And then there’s not much else in the way of a catch:

Pike rod

Since pike are very strong fish and will resist a bite with all their strength, you should choose a strong and resilient rod. This is also decisive for casting the bait fish over a long distance. Below is an overview of very good rods for pike fishing.

A light spinning rod allows you to fish for a long time without tiring. We can definitely recommend the displayJenzi spinning rod Okinawa JPX, 25-60g 2.40m for pike fishing. Usually a rod less than 3m long is sufficient from the shore or boat.

A spinning rod can also be used for pike fishing

If you want a really special rod for fishing, take a look at the Jenzi Tycon Spin LXP advert. It is really first-class workmanship and an absolute top model.

Otherwise you can also use the ones mentioned in the table above.

Pike reel

The casting weight should be selected to match the weight of the lure. We also recommend using a reel with adjustable brake. Stationary reels or multi-reels are usually used for pike fishing.

Both work well for pike fishing.

This allows you to regulate the traction at different levels when attacking during pike fishing. We can recommend the Shimano Stradic Ci4+ 4000 Fa indicator.

This model is also a top class front brake reel.

Pike line

We also recommend a pike line with a line thickness of 0.35 to 0.4 mm.

Pike fishing with braided line

Of course pike can also be outsmarted with braided fishing lines. Make sure that these are not so conspicuous. Because pike can usually see very well.

150 m are usually quite sufficient. Also make sure that the carrying capacity is a bit higher. 9 to 14 kg capacity should not be a problem when pike fishing. With a braided fishing line, 0.13 mm to 0.18 mm is usually sufficient.

We can recommend the indicatorWFT TF8 as a braided line for pike fishing. In summary, you should pay attention to this when fishing with braided lines for pike fishing:

  • Length 150 m
  • 9 to 14 kg capacity
  • 0,13 mm to 0,18 mm
  • Colour: green

As a rule you should have no problems with this.

Pike bait

This bait should not break even if the specimens are very large and have a large capital. We will go into more detail about the different pike lures in a moment.

But especially bait fish and jerkbaits are recommended. When fishing for pike it is also important that you use a steel leader because a pike can bite through the leader quickly due to its very strong teeth.

By the way, we also present the best montages in our book “the best fishing montages”.

So you are already well equipped and there is not much in the way of your next “pike seat”.

2. tips for very good pike lures

As for pike lures, the following are the most suitable for pike fishing:

  • Rubber fish jerkbaitsLure fish wobblers

We will go into more detail about all pike lures below.

Pike fishing for rubber fish (tips)

Rubber fish are becoming increasingly popular for pike fishing. We will therefore go into some tips below. Because the rubber fish are now available in a very large selection. So you are usually spoilt for choice. The big difference lies mainly in their size and in their colouring and size.

If you want to fish bigger pike you should at least choose lures with a length of 15 cm. This automatically attracts more capitalized pike. This is because smaller fish usually cannot swallow the lure.

You also sort out the fish that you don’t necessarily want to catch (such as a perch).

We have also had very good experience with this rubber fish set.

We have also made the experience that pike “bite” rubber fish particularly well after spawning. Because here they are very active and lively. Their appetite seems to be especially big here.

As you can see in the picture above you can also use a rubber fish which has a particularly large tail fin. The pressure waves that this lure emits in the water are usually particularly large. The pike can perceive these via its lateral line organ and get ready for the bite.

As the rubber fish has a certain attraction to the pike, this should not be “destroyed” by improper mounting. Take care, for example, that you do not hook the jig hook crookedly into the rubber fish. Correctly chosen is the exit point of the jig hook, when the jig hook comes out in the middle of the back of the rubber fish.

If you want to avoid false bites, you should mount additional triplets. These reduce the risk that the actual hook does not “settle” deep enough in the mouth of the pike. So your chances of success on a real bite are much higher.

The bite on rubber fish

When the bite comes, it may be that it is particularly strong. Therefore you should be prepared for a hard drill. With a rubber fish you usually feel the bite immediately. Accordingly you should of course move quickly to the “stop” to hook the pike properly.

If you want to learn more about this topic, we can also recommend the artificial bait book. Here you will be shown various bait tricks that are especially suitable for predatory fish such as pike and zander.

Otherwise you can also read our article on pike fishing with rubber fish.


The jerkbaits are usually led directly below the water surface. If the pike bites, the bite will be very aggressive with jerkbaits. You will feel the bite immediately when pike is fishing and you should therefore hold the rod very tight.

In spring the bites are usually strongest and most frequent as the pike is particularly predatory during this time.

If you are looking for really good jerkbaits, we can recommend the AnzeigeJerkbaits Set for pike fishing.

Pike fishing with bait fish

A second lure is the bait fish. It is still considered an insider tip among pike lures for pike fishing and is therefore ideal for catching pike. The pike simply bite on “real” food best.

In Germany, however, the use of live bait fish for pike fishing is prohibited. Therefore you should also use bait fish in a state that is no longer alive.

The following bait fish have proven to be excellent:

  • roach
  • bream
  • gudgeon
  • perch
  • rudd
  • sardines
  • mackerel
  • Herring

These pike baits are mostly found in the waters where the pike themselves are active and are at the top of their food list.

Bream is the number one staple food for many pike, and is also one of the largest prey species of game fish. This is because they usually make up the largest stock among all the fish.

But even with rudds you have a high chance of catching them. After all, the “glittering scale dress is often very “seductive” for pike

But if you really want to play it safe, you should help yourself to a “perch” for pike fishing.

So if you know a fishing spot where there is a lot of perch, you should definitely fish with this bait fish to increase your catch.

The scales of the perch are also very tough. This gives them a certain “robustness” as a bait fish and they can be used for a longer period of time.

If you like it a little more unusual you should go for sardines, mackerel or herring. Although these are not natural prey for pike, they do have an attractive effect on predatory fish.

Sardines, mackerel or herring are especially suitable in winter when it has become a little colder.

Mostly it is the intense smell of the bait fish that attracts the pike.

But how to find a suitable spot?

If you want to fish for pike with bait fish, you should keep your eyes open more often on rivers or lakes. After all, pike can often be seen in the water while they are being predated.

There is a good chance that they will come here more often in the future.

Pike fishing bait fish mounting

There are two tried and tested montages that have proven to be particularly “catchy” for pike fishing for bait fish. This is the basic mounting and the pose mounting.

Both are described in more detail below.

In order to always have the correct assembly with you, we recommend our book “The best fishing assemblies”.

Pike fishing with bait fish on the ground with the basic assembly

A proven pike assembly is definitely the basic assembly with bait fish. Here the bait fish is laid on the ground. It is important that you are aware of where they are standing (i.e. if you have “discovered” them before, e.g. during predation).

If you want to increase your chances of success you should “feed” the pike at the respective spot. This way they know that there is always something to feed at this point. You should simply use some fish pieces for this. Just throw them into the water a few days before you sit.

Here we usually use a triplet on which the bait fish (for example a perch) is hooked:

You should also use a steel leader. Otherwise there is a high chance that the pike will cut the line when biting. We recommend the display steel leader from Petri’s Catch.

The steel leader is connected to the main line by a swivel.

Also use a bead to stop the basic lead. Here we recommend a basic lead or pear lead. This should simply be pulled onto the respective main line.

The following illustration shows the principle:

To avoid additional line twist, you should use a boom on the main line. Here the basic lead is then “hooked in”.

You can find other very good assemblies in our book “the best fishing assemblies”.

Pose mounting

In addition to the basic mounting there is of course also the pose mounting which can be used for pike fishing for bait fish. Below is a simple illustration with which you can easily reproduce the pose mounting:

Here again we use a 40 cm steel leader with two triplets to securely attach the bait fish (in this case a perch).

After you have positioned the bait fish, you should use a swivel to pass over to the main line. It is best to use a clinch knot (also called a staple knot) for this. This is how you tie it:

This way the knot on the swivel cannot “unravel” so quickly and is usually “bomb-proof”. By the way, we have published the most important and best knots in our book “the best fishing knots”.

To weigh down the swivel and the main line at this point you should also use some shot lead. This gives the whole assembly the right “fit” in the water.

Also use a 12 g pike pose, stoppers and a 16 main line. For the pike pose we can recommend this display predator pose set. You shouldn’t have any problems with this,

Afterwards the pike pose shouldn’t be too much in the way anymore to fish successfully for bait fish.

3 Which methods should be used for pike fishing?

Pike fishing is very popular worldwide. To catch it, both spin fishing and spinning is practiced. Spin fishing is particularly exciting in this case. In the following we present some tips on methods of fishing for pike.  Here again both methods are listed:

  • Spin fishing
  • Spinning

The first method we are going to try is spin fishing.

Spin fishing

Basically, you should make the method dependent on the waters in which you want to fish for pike. Spin fishing is usually practiced with artificial bait. When fishing for pike, this mainly includes plugs / diving plugs.

When fishing for pike, the best way to fish for pike is to use rubber fish and plugs. We have been able to catch very big pike ourselves.

However, there is another method that has proven to be more effective. Namely the spinning fishing.


Spinning is usually done without a reel. This means rod without reel. This also applies to pike fishing. Here the line is knotted to the tip of your fishing rod.

It is important that you make sure that the line is no longer than the pike rod itself. Stippfishing is mostly practised with bait fish. The advantage of a bait fish is that it is usually superior to artificial bait.

This way you can land one or the other pike:

Yes really, most pike bite best on a real (dead) fish. Here the bait fish is offered a few centimeters above the bottom. Another tip for pike fishing is to offer the lure directly on the bottom (just like pike fishing in winter – more about this later).

To make the bite of the pike visible, small poses are used to show you when the pike has taken the bait. When the pike has finally taken the bite you should keep calm. You can considerably reduce the resistance when fishing for pike by hooking an elastic line into the upper parts of the rod.

Below is a nice pike fishing video on the subject of plucking and how to do it best:

4. places to fish for pike

Besides the actual place, the location of the fish is also important when fishing for pike. Many anglers use a fish finder (echo sounder) to locate the pike. This gives you a lot of useful information.

For example, what the bottom is like and what the structure is. It is best to look for pike near obstacles and possibilities to hide. Here the pike like to stay for a long time and strike at lightning speed if they have suitable food.

On reed banks or reed edges and dead trees beautiful and capital pike could be caught. As the pike is a sedentary fish, it likes to stay near the banks of rivers, lakes and ponds.

Pike can also be found in brackish water.

Here is a brief summary of the most important locations:

  • large lakes
  • ponds
  • running waters (pike fishing in rivers)
  • open water
  • shore area / riparian region
  • Reed borders / reed benches
  • Ponds

Depending on which location you decide on, there are of course different closed seasons to consider (we will go into this later.

Pike fishing in the river

The fact is You can find a pike in almost every river. However, they are not easy to outwit in every river.

Your chances of catching a pike increase considerably if the following circumstances apply

  • Inflows from “tributaries”
  • River curves
  • Water plants
  • Old arms
  • Weirs
  • Buhnenfelder
  • Fairways of Navigation

The locations and “conditions” are described in more detail below.

Inflows from “tributaries”

If there is an inflow or a tributary to the actual “main river”, the chances are very high that you will meet pike here.

Because the oxygen content here is particularly high and pike love the edges of the current.

Pike have a good chance of catching smaller fish (such as perch) here. These are then eaten directly by the pike.

It doesn’t matter if it is another river or a simple ditch. As soon as two rivers “collide” with each other, the chance of catching a pike is particularly high.

It is important to note that pike usually do not seek a position where they have to swim against the current. The following picture shows a good position:

The chances of catching a pike are particularly high where it is calmer and you have a good view of the prey.

River curves

Another very good way to fish for pike is in river curves as shown in the following picture:

Because in river curves not only the direction of the river changes, but also the depth of the river changes conditions.

This means that the bottom of curves is usually much more structured than that of straight lines.

The river can also become wider at this point.

In these structures, you will usually also find pike. As with the tributaries, you should also look for places where the current is not too strong.

Aquatic plants

Pike like to linger on water plants or the herb. This is because they enjoy a lot of cover here.

So they can lie in wait here and wait for passing prey (or bait fish).

Above all they prefer to be in the natural vegetation. This includes bushes, serose leaves and herbs to wait for their prey.

Old arms

An old arm is an arm of a river that has only a one-way connection to the main stream. Therefore it is very quiet in this part of the river because there is hardly any flow.

On the following picture you can see a simple old arm:

The nice thing is that in most cases oxbow lakes enjoy a particularly species-rich vegetation. Because oxbow lakes often have a higher temperature and much more nutrients than the main stream.

If you want to fish pike, you should go to the entrance of the oxbow lake. Because many fish swim into the oxbow to recover from the sometimes strong currents.

Pike will then watch the exhausted fish and strike. If by chance a bait fish “passes” right at the entrance of the oxbow, there is a good chance that the pike will not want to miss this treat.

That is why oxbow lakes are also an excellent source of pike.


Weirs are also an excellent source of pike. This is because most of the fish do not make it to this point and then gather there.

Another advantage of weirs is the often higher oxygen content in the water which is beneficial to the fish.

Especially on warm summer days the increased oxygen content is preferred by many fish.

Wherever the water “hits”, furrows form in the water due to the turbulence. Afterwards it immediately becomes calmer again. And this is exactly where the pike lurk for their prey.

So this is where you should place your pike bait to successfully catch pike.

Shipping channels

Another fishing tip is the sloping shipping channels. Pike tend to snatch careless fish that want to swim from shallow to deep water.

You can usually recognize the fairways by buoys swimming in the water. The best way to reach them is directly from the boat.

To find the edge of the channel you should use an echo sounder. In this test we have presented various fishfinders under 235 Euro.

5. the right time of day for pike fishing

In addition to the right location, the right time of day is of course also decisive. Of course, the “right” time always depends on the respective water and where you are at the moment.

For example, we have had very good experience during dawn (as well as the following 1 to 3 hours after dawn).

You can achieve the greatest successes between spring and autumn (in any case pay attention to the closed seasons – we will go into these in more detail below).

Another alternative is in summer when you go fishing at night. Here too we have made the experience that pike “bite” particularly well.

If you go fishing for pike in the autumn or winter you can also be successful at noon (11am to 2pm).

If you want to set a time, you should definitely consider dawn. This is when the pike are most likely to bite and your chances of success are usually the highest.

Pike fishing in the rain

Now and then it can happen, especially in Germany, that it rains. But are hops and malt lost in the rain or are there real chances of catching them on? handangeln.de clarifies.

To take it straight away: Yes, capital pike can also be caught in the rain (similar to carp fishing). The pike does not get wetter 😉

Even when it’s raining hard or foggy you can catch pike very successfully. The nice thing is that pike then bite not only during dawn but usually all day long.

Especially bait fish have proved to be very successful when it rains. Perch are particularly tasty to pike in this case.

When it rains it is usually much darker than on a sunny summer day. High contrast patterns can be a small advantage on the lure.

Another tip is to try it just before and just after a thunderstorm shower. This will increase your chances of catching the lure even more.

You can also try your luck at “dugouts”. Under boats, overhanging trees or bridges. These provide protection for the pike.

Here are our tips for rainy days fishing for pike

  • use perch as bait
  • fish shortly before and after thunderstorms
  • also fish for shelters
  • use high-contrast pike baits
  • try your luck all day

If you follow the tips, you should normally have no problems fishing for pike.

6. pike fishing closed seasons

In Germany, when fishing for pike, the closed season for pike must be observed. As these are different in every federal state, you will find the following overview which should be helpful to you throughout Germany. When exactly they spawn depends on the water temperature, size and depth of the water.

Here is an overview for you so that you know exactly which season is appropriate for which state:

  • Baden-Württemberg: 15.02 to 15.05
  • Bavaria: 15.02 to 15. 04
  • Brandenburg: 01.02 to 31.03 for Spreewald fishermen other closed seasons apply
  • Berlin: 01.01 to 30.04
  • Bremen: 01.02 to 15.05
  • Hamburg: 01.01 to 15.05
  • Hessen: Inland: 01.02 to 15.04 Coast: no closed seasons
  • Mecklenburg-Vorpommern: Inland: no closed seasons Coast: 01.03 to 31.05
  • Lower Saxony: 01.01 to 30.04
  • North Rhine-Westphalia: 15.02 to 30.04
  • Rhineland-Palatinate: 01.02 to 15.04
  • Saarland: 15.02 to 31.05
  • Saxony: 01.02 to 30. 04
  • Saxony-Anhalt: 15.02 to 30.04
  • Schleswig-Holstein: Inland: 15.02 to 30.04 Coast: 15.02 to 30.04
  • Thuringia: 15.02 to 30.04

It is important that you keep to these closed seasons if you want to fish for pike. Otherwise you may be subject to considerable fines.

Pike fishing after the closed season

At the end of April or the end of May the closed season for pike is usually over in Germany.

Most female pike are still in shallow water zones after spawning during this period. Therefore the chance of encountering a capital pike is particularly high here. Especially along the banks of rivers and larger lakes the chance of encountering a pike is quite high.

In order to increase the chances of success you should use “shallow running” artificial lures or bait fish (such as perch, bream or roach – note this indicator “enriching” with a little fish oil). But also very good results can be achieved with sea baits like smelt, herring, sardine or mackerel after the closed season. These have a particularly intense scent and can also be offered on the bottom.

For capital pike you should use flat-running plugs, jerkbaits, streamers, spinners or rubber fish without lead heads after the closed season. The chances of success for especially big pike are much higher here.

It is important that you make the lure as lively as possible. This is because pike react particularly intensively to movements and smells after the closed season. Accordingly, it should also be lured “horizontally” to make it look even more realistic.

Make sure that you offer your pike bait at a maximum depth of about one metre.

In summary, the following applies to pike fishing after the closed season

  • Visit shallow water areas
  • Enrich freshwater bait fish with fish oil
  • Use sea bait fish as an option
  • Present bait fish as alive as possible
  • Offer bait in maximum depth of 1 m

If you stick to it, not much should go wrong after the closed season.

7. minimum size for pike fishing

The minimum size, i.e. when the pike may be caught, also varies from state to state in Germany. We have compiled the current minimum sizes for you:

  • Baden-Württemberg: 50 cm
  • Bayern: 50 cm
  • Brandenburg: 45 cm
  • Berlin: 45 cm
  • Bremen: 60 cm
  • Hamburg: 50 cm
  • Hessen: 50 cm
  • Mecklenburg-Vorpommern: Inland: 45 cm Coast: 50 cm
  • Lower Saxony: inland: 40 cm Coast: 45 cm
  • North Rhine-Westphalia: 45 cm
  • Rhineland-Palatinate: 50 cm
  • Saarland: 50 cm
  • Saxony: 50 cm
  • Saxony-Anhalt: 50 cm
  • Schleswig-Holstein:
  • Inland: 45 cm Coast: 45 cm
  • Thuringia: 45 cm

8. Pike fishing in winter

Pike fishing in winter can generally be very successful if you know how and what to do. Below are some fishing tips on the best fishing techniques and what you need to pay special attention to.

The right location

Where the pike finally stand depends largely on the weather and the water. If, for example, it is a very deep lake or a deep dam, the pike often stay at great depths.

It is then possible that they are at a depth of 15 to 25 metres. If you are unsure, first try to find the deepest point in the respective fishing lake. Especially if there are “holes” or pits in the lake, the probability is quite high that there are many pike here.

Because this is where the water is usually warmest for pike. However, if there are no “bulges” and the lake is of the same depth everywhere, you must try to find the warmest place in the water.

The banks from which the cold air “blows away” is often best because the colder surface water is “blown away” and the warmer water rises from below.

At harbours and lakes in cities the water is often warmer. Therefore you can also fish for pike here if the water is shallower.

In Bodden waters (shallow bay-like coastal waters) saltwater also comes into play. Pike usually get away from saltwater. Therefore, similar to lakes or reservoirs, the wind must be taken into account. The area where the wind “pushes” the salt water should be avoided if you want to fish for pike successfully.

So: If you’re looking for the warmest water with the least salt content, you can’t go wrong with pike fishing in winter.

The nice thing is: Once you have found the “location”, the probability is very high that they will be there again next winter.

Which lure to use in winter?

In winter the pike are very easy to outwit in deep waters with indicators of these rubber fish. The respective rubber fish should be soft so that it can come to a dynamic “own movement”.

If you want to go for capital pike in winter, you should go for especially big rubber fish (20 to 25 cm). Otherwise, 15 cm are completely sufficient.

A display shad is also suitable for big pike.

A light lead head should be chosen so that the rubber fish can be moved slowly over the bottom. Make sure that you lead it with short “slow” jumps over the ground.

The following picture illustrates this principle:

If the water is shallow and warmer, display jerkbaits are essential.

Bonus Tip: great video & good docu for pike fishing

Following is a good video for pike fishing from our longtime partner Fishing-King. The video is just 17 minutes and 30 seconds:

And here is another pike fishing documentary. This is a bit longer and goes 1 hour and 4 minutes:


Of course pike fishing always requires some practice. But with the right bait, the right fishing techniques, the right casting distance in open water, predator fishing can be really fun.

Of course it also depends on the right bait to outwit the robbers at the fishing lake.

If the pike seems too strong, you can try another predator. An alternative here is definitely fishing for zander.

Because pike-perch is also a voracious predator.

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