Fishing knot: List and instructions
The best fishing knots at a glance
Even when the best rod, the most expensive reel and the strongest line are in play, no angler can avoid mastering the right fishing knots. They are needed to tie lines together, attach bait, tie hooks and pegs and much more. Even if there is usually a fishing colleague on hand who can tie the right knot in an emergency, you shouldn’t rely on them. A basic knowledge of knots is simply indispensable.
It is quite sufficient if you know five to six knots. Which exactly are the right knots varies from fisherman to fisherman. Depending on your personal needs you will need different knots. Whether you are a fly fisherman, a drop shot assembly, fishing with monofilament or braided line – the knots you need can vary a lot.
In the following you will find an overview of all important knots including instructions on how to tie the knots yourself.
Overview of all fishing knots
General information about fishing knots
Some basic things to consider for all knots. For example, it doesn’t matter which knot you want to tie – in any case the knots must be tied as accurately as possible. This is the only way to ensure the safety of the respective node. Also almost all knots should be moistened before tying. The simple reason for this is that heat can be generated during tightening, which could damage the fishing line. The knot would then no longer be durable. If the line is moistened before tightening, this heat will not be generated.
Important properties of a fishing knot
To find the ideal fishing knot for your purposes, there are different properties that a fishing knot should have. The most important criterion of a knot is certainly its strength, which can reduce the line’s carrying capacity accordingly.
Knots are always weak points in a connection. Under load the fishing line will probably break at the point where a knot is located. The knot strength is the number that indicates what percentage of the specified load-bearing capacity of a fishing line is still present when a knot is inserted. This depends on the material used and the type of knot. On average, knots reduce the load-bearing capacity by around 30 percent.
There are also many fishing knots that have a knot strength of over 90 percent. However, this is only the case if the fishing line is not damaged, not roughened or does not run over sharp edges. Any bruising or stretching changes the diameter of the fishing line and thus also the specified breaking strength.
Suitable knots for different lines
Depending on which lines you want to connect to what, very different knots are used. For example, if you want to connect monofilament line with braided line or attach leaders to fly line, you are on the safe side with knots like the Albright knot. If you want to tie two lines of different strengths, the Grinner knot is used. Some knots are only suitable for monofilament fishing lines, such as the double Centauri knot. Others, such as the blood knot, the water knot, or the surgeon’s knot can be used with monofilament or braided line, and also with fly line. So before you start looking for a particular knot repertoire, it’s important to determine what exactly you need to tie the most, and what material you’ll be using.
Uses of fishing knots
For different uses there are of course different types of knots that can be used. Most of the fishing knots are multifunctional and can be used for several purposes at once. Pick out the knots that best suit your equipment and practice them at home. In the heat of battle, knots often have to be tied quickly and under adverse conditions. Therefore, it is an advantage if you have a good command of them before you go to the water.
Attaching the line to the lure
These are knots used to attach the fishing line to eyelets and swivels. If you have mastered a clinch knot and some of its variations, for example, you will be able to deal with countless situations. Equally suitable are the World Exhibition knot, the Trylene knot, the Dynacrown knot, the Grinner knot, the Palomar knot or the Berkley knot. All these knots shine with about 90 percent knot strength.
While the Grinner knot and the Berkley knot are more suitable for use with braided line, the Palomar knot is a classic knot for monofilament line. With such knots all things that have eyes or eyelets can be knotted safely.
Attaching the line to the spool
If the fish pulls the whole line off the spool while drilling, it is important that the fishing line is well attached to the spool. You can use a spool axle knot or an Arbor knot for this. The latter is particularly popular with fly fishermen. With these two knots you can easily and securely attach the line to your reel, whether you are spooling monofilament or multifilament. The knots are not too clumsy and do not interfere with the even laying of the line on the reel.
Another popular knot for attaching the line to the spool axis is the double grinner knot. This knot has a little more load-bearing capacity than the Arbor knot, but is much thicker. Especially if you are fishing with a flat spool, this can be a crucial criterion for choosing the right knot, because you must not forget that every bump in the spool costs casting distance.
Only when the line is securely knotted to the spool can you be sure that the fish cannot escape with the complete fishing line. In order to prevent the line from slipping through the braided line, it is a good idea to use some double-sided adhesive tape.
The connection of two lines
If you have to connect two lines together, you first have to know which two lines they are. With an Albright knot and its variations, for example, monofilament, braided and also fly lines with a knot strength of up to 95 percent can be linked together. If you have to connect lines of different thicknesses, you can use a water knot in addition to a strict knot. If the diameters of the lines are similar, a blood knot, a double Centauri or a double Grinner knot is recommended. A monofilament chalk line can be connected to a braided main line using chalk line knots.
You can use a stopper knot to thicken part of the main line and prevent a running pose from slipping through, for example. If necessary, it can be moved – similar to a rubber stopper – and thus adjusted to the water depth. There are also different variants of the stopper knot. You can choose between the overhand stopper knot, the loop stopper knot or the valve rubber stopper knot. Once learned, such stopper knots are versatile and help to avoid unpleasant situations (keyword: no more stoppers to be found in the tackle box).
Attaching hooks to string
Even when attaching hooks to string, it depends on whether you have to attach a hook with an eye or a hook with a plate. Especially for the self-binding of platelet hooks there are some arguments. Line strength and hook size can be combined individually, and the leader length can be chosen at will. Machine-bonded platelet hooks, for example, often have weak points. On the other hand, the fishing line material also plays a role. Common to all common hook knots is a knot tightness between 90 and 95 percent. The Grinner hook knot or the clinch hook shank knot is suitable for all types of hooks.
The platelet hook node, on the other hand, is – as the name suggests – only suitable for platelet hooks.
If you want to knot a hook with an eye, you can use a Palomar knot, a Centauri knot or a Jansik knot.