Zander (Sander Lucioperca) Basic Knowledge About Size, Food, Skeleton Etc.


In this article and some subsequent articles you will learn everything about the zander. In particular, we will look at the size, growth, scales, diseases, skeleton, habitat, reproduction, and the diet, nutrition and food of the pike-perch.

Pike perch General

The pike perch is an active predator. It is therefore accused by managers of numerous waters of active and excessive predation. As a result, its main food component consists of other fish such as perch.

It is characterized in particular by its spindle-shaped body which can reach a size of up to 100 cm.

In addition, you can find more information about the Sander lucioperca in the book AnzeigeHecht und Zander: Angeln in schwierigen Gewässern.

Habitat & distribution

The sandpiper lucioperca is mainly found in larger still and flowing waters. The fish lives predominantly in deep lakes, canals and rivers. These are its preferred water species.

In its habitat, the pike-perch lucioperca prefers hard bottom and very turbid water. North Rhine-Westphalia is one of the western distribution limits of the pikeperch. The distribution area of the pikeperch is Eastern, Central and Northern Europe and Central Asia.


The pike-perch lucioperca can reach a weight of up to 21 kg. Another characteristic of the pikeperch is its glass eyes. This is because its retina reflects light. The eyes of the fish are generally very sensitive to light.

As a result, the pike-perch lucioperca, as active predators, prefers predation at night. A related species is the walleye (Sander vitreus vitreus). Its area of distribution extends over North America. There it is the largest representative of the perch-like species.

Appearance and anatomy of the pikeperch

The pikeperch has a terminal mouth, with a large and wide mouth cleft. It also has very striking reflective eyes. The fish also has two separate dorsal fins with dark parallel stripes.

Here the first dorsal fin is exactly above the ventral fin. The Sander lucioperca also has so-called soft rays. Its caudal fin is slightly forked. Dark parallel stripes run along it.

The skeleton of the sandander lucioperca has dark so-called transverse bands on its flanks. Its pectoral fin is also particularly striking. The Sander lucioperca also has pike or brush teeth. It also has long canines (dog teeth) in the upper and lower jaw. These are used to take in and crush food.

The slender body as well as the gill cover without thorn is particularly striking in fish.  The Sander lucioperca is also a bony fish like the catfish and eel. The skeleton consists mainly of bones and is completely ossified.

The Sander lucioperca, as a predatory fish living in the inland waters of Central Europe, belongs with its skeleton to the real bonefish. The skeleton of the fish is slightly smaller than its normal size. In addition to the skeleton of bones, the zander also has bones. In addition to the skeleton, which serves as a support structure for the living creature, these serve to strengthen the connective tissue.

Pike-perch fishing

Pike-perch fishing is mostly done with natural and artificial baits. Spin fishing and bottom fishing with small bait fish is also popular. Furthermore, the Sander lucioperca is a popular target fish for fly fishing.

If you are still looking for equipment for pike-perch fishing, you have come to the right place. The fishing spot offers a really wide range of display equipment for zander fishing.

Zander preparation

In addition, the pike-perch lucioperca is a very tasty freshwater fish. The fish is very popular and is served with the appropriate zander recipe.

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